I love hearing the adhaan…but only in melodious tones, I must admit. I am often slightly peeved when I hear an off-key call to prayer but hastily remind myself that the muadhin (caller to prayer) is fulfilling one of the most important duties in the mosque. By virtue of calling the adhaan, he also calls the iqamah which is a shorter adhaan recited just before the prayer itself.
I often find myself humming to the adhaan or reciting along with the muadhin if I am familiar with the melody. Imagine how people would stop in their tracks if a woman’s voice was heard from the minaret speakers! 😀
The adhaan is like the theme song of the life of a Muslim, first heard (by a born-Muslim) by its recitation into his/her newborn ears. Ideally, during the call to prayer five times a day, Muslims are required to be silent and repeat after the caller except where he says, ‘Hayya ala Salah’ and ‘Hayya alal falah’ (meaning ‘Hurry to prayer’ and ‘hurry to success’ respectively). La hawla wa la quwatta ila billah is the response here.
It is not to be made if you are praying alone. The iqamah alone is enough if you are praying on your own.
After the adhaan:
Narrated by Jabir Ibn Abdullah, who reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW)said:
‘Whoever says when he hears the Call of Prayer, “Allahummah Robba haadhihi’l-da’watil-taam-mah wa’l-salaatil qaa’imah, aati Muhammadan Al-waseelata wa’l-fadeelah, wab’ath-hu maqaaman mahmoodah alladhi wa’ad-tahu. (O Allah, Lord of this perfect call and prayer to be offered, grant Muhammad the privilege and also the eminence, and resurrect him to the praised position that You have promised), will be granted my intercession on the Day of Resurrection.” – Sahih al-Bukhari Book 65, Hadith 4719
I must admit that I do take the adhaan for granted because I always hear it wherever I live. I cannot imagine a silent dawn! It must feel very lonely to be in a town where no adhaan is heard. May Allah strengthen the bonds of brotherhood among Muslims in such places.
The freed Abyssinian slave, Bilal ibn Rabah (RA) was the first muaddhin while Ibn Umm Maktoum (who was blind) was his ‘deputy’ in calling the adhaan.
It is sunnah for two rakats to be made between the adhaan and the iqamah for Fajr.
Anas bin Malik narrated that :
Allah’s Messenger said: ‘The supplication made between the Adhaan and Iqamah is not rejected.’ – Jami’at-Tirmidhi Book 2, Hadith 64
The janazah prayer made on the deceased is devoid of adhaan and iqamah. It is believed that they were recited at birth. In essence, our lives occur between that tiny spate of time between the adhaan/iqamah and the prayer itself…