[Qur’an in Ramadan 27:Q58.01-Q66.12]
One of the recommended voluntary acts in Ramadan is ‘Itikaf – seclusion in the masjid with devotion to Allah for the last 10 days of Ramadan. The last 10 days is like the Bonanza week of the holy month culminating in the massive clearance sales of Lailat-ul-Qadr.
Itikaf should be a time for seclusion in the mosque for the purpose of reflection, meditation and getting closer to our Creator. The intention is often made before sunset and begun before the Maghrib salaah.
It could be done for one day or for the whole 10 days according to your intention.
The Mu’takif (one performing ‘Itikaf) must be sane, muslim and free from pollution like menstrual period, post-partum bleeding and sexual defilement.
The masjid should preferably be in the nearest congregational mosque where Friday Juma’ah prayers are made. One is not supposed to vacate the premises till the last day of Ramadan unless there is a valid reason.
The household must be taken care of before the man leaves the house to go into seclusion.
Permission should be sought from her husband or dad if a woman wishes to perform ‘Itikaf.
Discussions during the seclusion should not be mundane or worldly but beneficial spiritually. Sunnah acts are recommended with lots of du’a, adhkaar and recitation of the Qur’an.
The mosque and its environs should be kept clean and we must be on our best behaviour, ready to display tolerance, maturity and patience.
Women may perform ‘Itikaf too as the wives of the Prophet were documented to have done this.
It is not too late to perform it if you are still interested.